The X Chromosome: It Is Not Our Fault

The strong proclivity of the male sex in India has its roots in the Vedic Civilization. In the Rig Vedic era, society was dominantly patriarchal in nature. The family property was passed on to the son. This primitive practice still persists in the modern Indian society, wherein a girl is still seen as a burden to her family, something they would have to pay money for to get rid of. As the economy of the country progressed, people started to grasp the significance of family planning, living economically.

Since the late 1970’s with the influx of modern technology and the advancement of science, people began learning about abortions and ultrasound in the 1990’s which provided them the opportunity to learn about the sex of the unborn baby. This coupled with their preference for a son, led to female foeticide, which essentially means aborting a female foetus. This decades long practice has led to a decline in the child sex ratio, both in rural and urban areas. In the eyes of an Indian parent, a son is seen as a blessing, while a daughter is seen as a liability. Still today, in most parts of the country, especially the rural areas, the son goes to school, completes his education while the daughter is made to do all the household chores.

Female foeticide can also be linked with violence being perpetrated on the mother of the unborn child, who is often always blamed for carrying a daughter, which is seen as a bane instead of carrying a male child, which is the boon of the family. This abhorrent custom of blaming the mother is a classic case of superstition and delusion that still surrounds ignorant Indians like a plague.

According to biology, the gender of a person is determined by the chromosome characteristics, and unlike the popular belief that a daughter being born is always exclusively the mother’s fault, it is the male sperm that determines whether a boy or a girl will be born. This strategic piece of information is often ignored by millions of illiterate people that often resort to physically or sexually attacking the mother thus putting both the unborn child and the mother in danger. Family pressure, societal pressure, or monetary problems in the family often lead to domestic violence or forceful abortion of the fetus. This leads to degradation in the status and condition of women in our society contrary to the policy of women and child development undertaken by the government.

Female foeticide

As of 2016, due to the declining sex ratio as a result of female foeticide, there are only 900 females for every 1000 males. In India, men still hold considerable power over women, they are seen as the builders of a better tomorrow, the primary breadwinners of the family, while women are viewed as weak and submissive and are valued by standards of the dowry that they are worth or the finesse with which they can perform household chores. This gives rise to rampant abuse of women and constant degradation.

Swami Vivekananda once said,

” There is no chance for the welfare of the world unless the condition of women is improved. It is not possible for a bird to fly on only one wing”.

This holds greater significance now, more than a century later. A nation has no chance of real progress unless we recognize the strength and the ability of the women and start treating them as equals, and not something that should be discarded.

Lakshyam recognizes the need of the hour, which is to empower women and make them self-reliant, so they have power over their life and have the courage to take a stand against injustice. This includes helping them develop skills direct their efforts to develop and sell handmade products to earn money and self-esteem.

Domestic Violence: A Social Evil

INTRODUCTION

Domestic violence is the act of controlling, attempt to control, dominating or attempting to dominate another person by means of force, threat, implanting fear etc. Violence can be emotional, psychological, verbal, or physical in nature Domestic violence against women is India is on the rise. India is still a conservative society bound by various customs and ancient traditions. These traditions have since long been repressive towards the female population. Suffer in silence has for ages been the motto of Indian women. Our traditionally patriarchal orthodox society has been in a constant battle with globalization and the new age freedom that it brings. For centuries women have been huddled inside their homes with no voice or opinion, but gradually they have been realizing that they too are important, and this is being resisted by the Indian society at large due to which crimes against women are increasing day by day.

Domestic Violence

In Indian society a woman is looked upon as the one who is responsible for the honor of the entire family. From a very tender age, they are being told what to wear, how to walk, how to talk, how to sit etc. Almost every aspect of their lives are dictated to them making them slaves in their own homes. One wrong or unguarded move can result in devastating consequences for them. For centuries, women have been looked down on and treated as inferior beings and like a property of men, for them to do as they please. This has created generations of meek submissive women always taught to bow before authority and too scared to speak up

This has all changed with the modern 21st Century. Now even women have the same status as men, they too have the same amount of freedom as men. This has angered many orthodox unscrupulous men in the Indian society and have been perpetrating all sorts of violence on women to allegedly put them in their place. This new found freedom for women has become as much a bane as it is a boon.

DOWRY DILEMMA

DOWRY in India

Dowry in India refers to the durable goods, cash, property that the bride’s family gives to the bridegroom, his parents, or relatives on the condition of marriage. The dowry system puts an unnecessary burden on the bride’s family and in some cases is also responsible for violence against women. These days, dowry has turned into a social evil more than a traditional custom with the groom’s family often making exorbitant demands to harass the bride’s family. Sometimes, even after marriage, the demands made by the bridegroom and his family don’t cease which often ends with the woman committing suicide.

DOWRY System in India

As per reports by a leading newspaper in India, almost 21 lives are lost every day in India, and the conviction rate in these cases is less than 35 percent.

PUNISHMENT

The government enacted Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961 to put an end to the practice of giving and taking dowry. Any person who gives or takes, or abates this practice can be sentenced for up to 5 years in prison and charged a fine of 15,000 Rupees. Demanding dowry is an act of cruelty and can be noted as grounds for divorce. The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005 also seeks to protect women from being physically abused by their husbands or relatives.

AFTERMATH

Despite the various laws enacted by the government for protection of women against domestic violence, the progress is still slow. In many parts of India these laws are often not implemented. There is also this problem of uneducated women not knowing their rights which makes them even more vulnerable in the face of danger. In many cases, the husband is the breadwinner of the family and having no education, no means of employment, the battered woman is forced to stay with the abusive husband out of sheer desperation. Our aim should be to educate not only the women but more importantly the men of our society, to change their attitudes and to start treating women as equals and not threaten their freedom and their lives but to protect it. This is the only way we can get closer to putting a total end to violence against women.

Rooh-Women Welfare Program

Lakshyam Rooh: Awakening Women’s Soul’ focuses on empowering women of all age groups, by proving basic resources and strengthening their skills to help them maintain a healthy lifestyle, and regain stability and positivity.

Child Welfare: An Outline About Different Programmes in India

Child welfare is required because it ensures not only the current but also the future of a nation. There have been taken up sever different kind of child welfare schemes by Government of India. Some of them are immensely successful and are still in action.

Child Developement

Keeping in mind that India has the highest rate of production of children in the world, the condition of a good number of children are not safe and sound. Poor economy, bad health facilities, lack of awareness and education, inadequate nutritional supplies and sometimes the ignorance of the parents cause the underdevelopment of a child.

For over a good period of time, the Government of India has been taking up initiatives to provide everything a child needs in its basic years, for example: food, clothes, education, nutrition, good health care services, protection from all kinds’ exploitation. To take care of these topics and more, Ministry of Women and Child Development has been set up in the year 1985.

There have been different schemes and policies initiated by the Government. One of the major child welfare programmes ever taken up is the Integrated Child Development Service or Anganwadis’ that was launched in the year 1975. It works on 6 major principles that is Immunization, informal pre-primary education, supplementary nutrition and health education, pregnant mother care, newborn care, regular check up. ICDS is working in both rural and urban areas. And its biggest achievement is to eradicate polio from the country.

Right after this the midday meal scheme is to be toped about. Currently 10.43crore children are under this scheme.

Implemented by the Ministry of Labour project have been sanctioned to eliminate child labour and rehabilitate the children that have been expose to child labour. According to Child Labour act any kid under the age of 14 cannot be appointed in any industry or job that may threaten their lives or their overall mental and physical health. In case of appointment the recruiter will be legally punished.

 

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The Integrated Child Protection Scheme is a Government programme that helps to secure the safety of the children with special emphasis of children in need of care and protection, juveniles in conflict or contact with the law and other vulnerable children. Its primary purpose is to create a central structure to provide oversight and standardization for pre-existing and evolving child protection schemes in India.

Child Trafficking
Child trafficking

The Child Line is a helpline operated in throughout India to help any children in need. 1098 is a national 24 hours free emergency number to outreach service for children in need of care and protection. It was set up in 1996. It is now operational 366 cities and districts across 34 states and UTs in India. They help the children who get lost, stop child marriages, trafficking or any kind to atrocities against them.

The next one to be talked about is the Sarva Siksha Aviyan by the Ministry of Human Resource Development. The aim of the programme is to universalize the elementary in a time bound manner as mandated by the 86th amendment of the constitution of India making free and compulsory education to children between the ages of 6-14. This programme is an attempt to provide an opportunity for improving human capabilities to all children through provision of community owned quality education in a mission mode.

RTE

Apart from all the Government initiatives by the government, there are many NGOs that has been working in this sector and doing outstanding job. LAKSHYAM NGO is one of those majors who are leading the fleet.