Child welfare is required because it ensures not only the current but also the future of a nation. There have been taken up sever different kind of child welfare schemes by Government of India. Some of them are immensely successful and are still in action.
Keeping in mind that India has the highest rate of production of children in the world, the condition of a good number of children are not safe and sound. Poor economy, bad health facilities, lack of awareness and education, inadequate nutritional supplies and sometimes the ignorance of the parents cause the underdevelopment of a child.
For over a good period of time, the Government of India has been taking up initiatives to provide everything a child needs in its basic years, for example: food, clothes, education, nutrition, good health care services, protection from all kinds’ exploitation. To take care of these topics and more, Ministry of Women and Child Development has been set up in the year 1985.
There have been different schemes and policies initiated by the Government. One of the major child welfare programmes ever taken up is the Integrated Child Development Service or Anganwadis’ that was launched in the year 1975. It works on 6 major principles that is Immunization, informal pre-primary education, supplementary nutrition and health education, pregnant mother care, newborn care, regular check up. ICDS is working in both rural and urban areas. And its biggest achievement is to eradicate polio from the country.
Right after this the midday meal scheme is to be toped about. Currently 10.43crore children are under this scheme.
Implemented by the Ministry of Labour project have been sanctioned to eliminate child labour and rehabilitate the children that have been expose to child labour. According to Child Labour act any kid under the age of 14 cannot be appointed in any industry or job that may threaten their lives or their overall mental and physical health. In case of appointment the recruiter will be legally punished.
The Integrated Child Protection Scheme is a Government programme that helps to secure the safety of the children with special emphasis of children in need of care and protection, juveniles in conflict or contact with the law and other vulnerable children. Its primary purpose is to create a central structure to provide oversight and standardization for pre-existing and evolving child protection schemes in India.
The Child Line is a helpline operated in throughout India to help any children in need. 1098 is a national 24 hours free emergency number to outreach service for children in need of care and protection. It was set up in 1996. It is now operational 366 cities and districts across 34 states and UTs in India. They help the children who get lost, stop child marriages, trafficking or any kind to atrocities against them.
The next one to be talked about is the Sarva Siksha Aviyan by the Ministry of Human Resource Development. The aim of the programme is to universalize the elementary in a time bound manner as mandated by the 86th amendment of the constitution of India making free and compulsory education to children between the ages of 6-14. This programme is an attempt to provide an opportunity for improving human capabilities to all children through provision of community owned quality education in a mission mode.
Apart from all the Government initiatives by the government, there are many NGOs that has been working in this sector and doing outstanding job. LAKSHYAM NGO is one of those majors who are leading the fleet.